Athens, the capital of Greece, was named after the goddess Athena, its patron deity. Athens in antiquity was a powerful city-state and a major cultural centre. Together with Rome, it is considered the city with longest history in Europe.

It is worldwide acclaimed for its historical monuments that have survived over the centuries. Among them, the Acropolis holds a special place, with Parthenon attracting the admiration of the international community for centuries as a global symbol. Piraeus is the port of the historical city.